Model TL (Coupé)

Two-seater drophead coupé

Model designation: TL

Nickname: «Coupé Docteur, doctor's coupé»

Description:
The body was of a wooden structure, on which the body panels were nailed. The rear end was similar to that of the "two-seater Torpedo" T2. The car had only one door located on the passenger side and opening to the front; reversed on the right-hand drive cars. The door hinges were visible. A tensioned conical bolt reduced vibrations of the door. A T-shaped door handle was mounted on the outside. The spare wheel was mounted on the driver’s side (inside out) and fitted with a tyre upon delivery.

Picture 1: Model TL with closed hood [L85].

A comfortable bench seat offered enough space for two people. At the back of the car is a boot, accessible from the top and fitted with a lid opening upwards. Furthermore, there was a small compartment (glove compartment) with a deck lid behind the seats.

Picture 2: Interior at closed hood [L28, L342].

Wings and frame cover were made from black enamelled sheet metal. All four wings were reinforced by bordures.

The headlamps (bowls: black paint; rims: nickelled) were connected by an adjustable nickel-plated cross bar. Apart from normal road light there was also the possibility to switch on a parking light. A body rail made of aluminium profile bordered the upper edge of the bodywork and was painted black.

The floor covering was black brush carpet. The windshield was in two parts, the upper part opening towards the front. The pivoting point was in the upper third of its frame. The two side windows could go down into the interior of the door and were operated by a strap. These windows could also be kept clipped in the high position when the hood was open. When the door was closed, the side of the window fitted into a holder on the windscreen pillar.

The hood closed hermetically; it was made of imitation leather, with a fabric liner, metal hoops and a spreader device. The roof could be opened and closed from the inside. Seats and interior are covered with leatherette.

 

Model TL on short chassis (TL/C2)

Production period from October 1922 until September 1923

The Coupé (Cabriolet) is basing on a chassis type C2 with a wheelbase of 2.25m. The bonnet is provided with sixteen louvres on either side. The engine was supplied with a magneto ignition. The polished and engine turned aluminium dashboard was simple, with only an ammeter and a headlight/ignition switch. On the short wheelbase chassis, the lid of the luggage compartment which was larger than on the T2 model, did not allow the fitting of the external luggage rack. The passenger seat was slightly narrower for ease of access.

Picture 3: Model TL with folded hood [L342].

The running board measures 170x880mm. The wooden frame construction was supported at the rear by two side-mounted bent U-profile. The 700x80 beaded edge Michelin "Cablé" tyres were inflated at "high pressure", (4 to 5 bars).

Picture 4: Interior with open hood [L28, L342].

Initially only the yellow colour (between a straw yellow and a pale "grapefruit" yellow) is available, according to [L37] from March 1923 brown "havane" and later (from summer) blue (canon) is added. Rims, wings, lamps etc. are black. Radiator grille and lamp rims were nickel plated.

Colour Surface Referred parts
 
Black enamel Wings, frame cover, rims, windshield columns, license plate, cover rail.
     
Yellow and brown (havane), later blue Bodywork, bonnet.
 
Black leatherette Seat, seatrest, side panels.
 
Nickel plated Radiator grille, lamp rims, lamps connecting rod, steering column, fuel tank cover, trim behind bonnet, bonnet locks, windshield frame.

Picture 5: Modell TL in dark paint with high-pressure tyres and folded hood [L50].

Picture 6: Large luggage compartment opening of TL on short chassis [L178].

 

Modèle TL on long chassis (TL/C3)

Production period from October 1923 until May 1926

In autumn 1923, the short chassis type C2 was lengthened by 10cm from 2.25m (7 ft 5 in) to the long chassis type C3 2.35m (7 ft 9 in) and reinforced by an additional crossbar which protruded from the rear deck and supported the rear of the body. The rear reinforcements were no longer necessary. The bodywork also increased by 10cm in length, which is visible on the bigger distance between sparewheel and rear wing. The running board measures now 170x980mm. From that time on transversal friction shock absorbers (Hartford type 100) were fitted on the rear axle [L78]. Many customers having complained, according to the dealers information of March 1924 [L172], the deck lid was modified identically to that of the Torpedo T2.
The dashboard was now made from mahogany. The cover strip above the dashboard and the strips under the side windows have friezes. The first version had a single decorative line but this was subsequently changed to two lines. The interior was offered for bordeaux-red (maroon) cars in red leatherette, for brown (havane) cars in brown, and for blue (canon) cars in black. Door storage pockets were fitted in the door and alongside the driver.
From June 1924 on all cars were equipped with "Confort" balloon tyres, introduced by Michelin, and the corresponding beaded-edge rims (715x115) [L386]. For logistical reasons black was used as standard colour for the rims.
The cooling system was improved by the addition of a fan from June 1925 [L61].

Picture 7: Model TL with conventional "flat" wings and folded hood [L23]

Picture 8: Model TL with conventional "flat" wings and closed hood [L23]

Picture 9: Interior of the model TL [L31].

The passenger seat was no longer back sprung. The yellow paint was replaced by bordeaux red (maroon) and dark blue (bleu canon). The car remained available in brown (havane).

Colour Surface Referred parts
 
Black enamel Wings, frame cover, rims, windshield columns, license plate, cover rail.
     
Burgundy red (marroon), blue or brown (havane) bodywork, bonnet.
     
Red, black or brown leatherette. Seat, seatrest, side panels, pockets.
 
Nickel plated Radiator grille, lamp rims, lamps connecting rod, steering column, fuel tank cover, trim behind bonnet, bonnet locks, windshield frame.

From February 1925, DUVIVIER's windscreen system was replaced by the Citroën system. Visually, apart from the window holder and handle, there were no major differences, but they were not interchangeable mechanically. At the same time, the convertible (Cabriolet) was equipped with deep-drawn (called "round") wings and from July 1925 with a new rear axle with oval differential housing.

Picture 10: Model TL with "round" wings and folded hood [L77, L457].

Picture 11: Model TL with "round" wings and closed hood [L77, L457].

Remark:
The asymmetric rims developed by MICHELIN (Bibendum, 12x45) were never originally fitted. They became available in 1927 and in subsequent years, they have replaced the beaded rims of the vehicles still in use [L308]. MICHELIN's beaded edge tyres were offered in the MICHELIN catalogue until 1945 [L429, L430].

Bibliography

L23 Les Voitures CITROEN
Editor: Société Anonyme ANDRE CITROEN
Reference of document: AC 200
L28 La 5HP Citroën
Editor: André Citroën, Quai de Javel, Paris.
Reference of document: AC 66
L31 La 5HP Citroën
Editor: André Citroën, Quai de Javel, Paris.
Reference of document: AC 203
L37 LES VOITURES CITROEN
Prix des différents Modèles, TARIF No 4

(En vigueur à partir du 23 Mars 1923)
Editor: André Citroën, Quai de Javel, Paris.
Reference of document: AC 79
L50 La 5HP Citroën
Editor: André Citroën, Quai de Javel, Paris.
Reference of document: AC 108
L61 Bulletin Citroën
Edition "France"
Revue mensuelle exclusivement réservée à nos concessionaires No 18
L77 Citroen Wagen
Editor: Aktiengesellschaft, André Citroën, 143, Quai de Javel, Paris.
Reference of document: AC 291
L78 Les Voitures Citroën
Editor: André Citroën, Quai de Javel, Paris.
Reference of document: AC 201
L85 Voitures Citroën (Collection de carte postales)
Editor: André Citroën, Quai de Javel, Paris.
Reference of document: AC 145-AC162
L172 Bulletin Citroën
Service Commercial - France

Revue mensuelle exclusivement réservée à nos concessionaires No 3
Editor: Edition Service Commercial France, Paris.
L178 5 CV Modell TL (Cabriolet) mit grossem Gepäckraumdeckel
Editor: (Origine inconnue/unknown Origin/Herkunft unbekannt)
L308 La grande nouveauté de MICHELIN: Le "CONFORT BIBENDUM"
Editor: R.C. Clermont-Ferrand No 2.213
L342 La 5HP Citroën
Editor: André Citroën, Quai de Javel, Paris.
Reference of document: AC 13
L342 La 5HP Citroën
Editor: André Citroën, Quai de Javel, Paris.
Reference of document: AC 13
L386 Le dernier né Michelin: le "Cablé-Confort"
Editor: MICHELIN & Cie, Clermont-Ferrand.
L429 Pneu MICHELIN - Bases de décompte de nos factures agents
Editor: Manufacture de caoutchouc MICHELIN, Puiseux, Boulanger & Cie
Reference of document: 3.546
L430 Pneu MICHELIN - Bases de décompte de nos factures agents
Editor: Manufacture de caoutchouc MICHELIN, Puiseux, Boulanger & Cie
Reference of document: 3.559
L457 Les voitures Citroën
Editor: Société Anonyme André Citroën, Paris
Reference of document: AC 270
L457 Les voitures Citroën
Editor: Société Anonyme André Citroën, Paris
Reference of document: AC 270