Model T3-1 (Three-seater Tourer)

Three-seater open tourer with occasional seat

Model designation: T3-1

Nickname: «Faux Trèfle»

Description:
The bodywork consists from a wooden frame on which a shell made from bent sheet metal is fixed by nails. The rear is rounded, contrary to the twoseater. The car also has only one door which is located on the passenger side and which opens to the front. Contrary on the right-hand drive cars. The doorhinges are fitted invisibly. A tensioned conical bolt reduced undesired vibrations. The spare wheel was fitted on the drivers side (inside out) and fitted with a tyre upon delivery.

Picture 1: Model T3-1 with unfolded passenger seat [L30].

The drivers seat is fixed. The passenger seat glides on two round rails from the front to the boot where it fits into a bay in the body. In the front there is a folding seat which opens when the normal passenger seat is in the rear position. The luggage compartment is located behind the driver's seat. It is also accessible from above and can be closed with a lid. Vice versa on the right-hand drive cars.
The running boards are made of aluminium, reinforced by longitudinal ribs. They are black painted, the higher ribs are polished. Wings and frame cover are made of black enamelled sheet metal. All four mudguards are reinforced by bordures.
The headlamps are adjustable by a nickel plated connecting rod. Apart from normal road light there is also the possibility to switch on a parking light.

Picture 2: Model T3-1 seen from top [L30].

The sidepanels were provided with pockets. The floor was covered by a black brush-carpet. The dashboard is made of aluminium, tenon grinded and equipped with some instruments.

The T3-1 is basing on a C3 chassis with a wheelbase of 2.35m. The running board of aluminium is 170x980mm. The windshield can be inclined and fixed in any position. The pivot point is in the lower third of the column. The windscreen system is from DUVIVIER [L139].
The hood is fixed on one single axe and made from waterresistant fabric. The hood folding mechanism is made from steel.

 

Production time range from October 1923 until September 1924

"Le faux Trèfle", as it was called by the french, was manufactured in a total number of only 3200 cars, following the Museum La Clayette [B0004].

Picture 3: Model T3-1 with unfolded spare seat [L85].

In the beginning the car was equipped with high pressure tyres (700 x 80) from MICHELIN. From June 1924 on all cars were equipped with balloon tyres "Comfort" (715 x 115) and the convenient rims [L386].

The "Faux Trèfle" was factory delivered in blue canon, red excelsior (marroon) and brown (havane) [L45]. Rims, wings, lamps etc. are black.

Colour Surface Referred parts
 
Black enamel wings, frame cover, rims, windscreenframe, windscreen-holders, license plate cover, cover rail, luggage rack.
     
Red, blue or brown (havane) bodywork, bonnet
     
Black skai seats, seatrests, side panels, pockets.
 
Nickel plated radiator shell, lamp rims, lamp connecting rod, steering column, fuel tank cover, decoration rail behind bonnet, bonnet locks.

Remark:
The semi-drop centre rims developed by MICHELIN (Bibendum, 12x45) are first available in 1927 and in the current years have replaced the bead rims of the vehicles still in use [L308]. These rims were originally never equipped. MICHELIN's beaded edge tyres was only available in that era until 1945 [L429, L430].

Bibliography

L30 La 5HP Citroën trois places
Editor: André Citroën, Quai de Javel, Paris.
Reference of document: AC 123
L45 LES VOITURES CITROEN, Saison 1924
Prix des différents Modèles, TARIF No 1

(En vigueur à partir du 1er Octobre 1923)
Editor: André Citroën, Quai de Javel, Paris.
Reference of document: AC 122
L85 Voitures Citroën (Collection de carte postales)
Editor: André Citroën, Quai de Javel, Paris.
Reference of document: AC 145-AC162
L139 Pare Brise "DUVIVIER"
Nomenclature des articles se montant sur carrosseries Citroën
Editor: Pare Brise "DUVIVIER", Bté S.D.G.D., Saint-Maur
L308 La grande nouveauté de MICHELIN: Le "CONFORT BIBENDUM"
Editor: R.C. Clermont-Ferrand No 2.213
L386 Le dernier né Michelin: le "Cablé-Confort"
Editor: MICHELIN & Cie, Clermont-Ferrand.
L429 Pneu MICHELIN - Bases de décompte de nos factures agents
Editor: Manufacture de caoutchouc MICHELIN, Puiseux, Boulanger & Cie
Reference of document: 3.546
L430 Pneu MICHELIN - Bases de décompte de nos factures agents
Editor: Manufacture de caoutchouc MICHELIN, Puiseux, Boulanger & Cie
Reference of document: 3.559