Model T3-1 (Three-seater Tourer)

Three-seater open tourer with occasional seat

Model designation: T3-1

Nickname: «Faux Trèfle»

Description:
The body was of a wooden structure, on which the body panels were nailed. It was based on the 2-seater "Tourer" (Torpedo) but with a rounded rear end was enlarged to be more spacious. The car had only one door located on the passenger side and opening to the front; reversed on the right-hand drive cars. The door hinges were not visible. A tensioned conical bolt reduced vibrations of the door. The spare wheel was mounted on the driver’s side (inside out) and fitted with a tyre upon delivery.

Picture 1: Model T3-1 with passenger seat pushed back [L30].

The driver's seat was fixed. The passenger seat mounted on two cylindrical rails could be moved back and forth. At the front, under the dashboard, was a folding jump seat that could be up (mounted) when the passenger seat was in the rear position. The luggage compartment was located behind the driver's seat, accessible from the top and closed by a lid.
A body rail made of aluminium profile bordered the upper edge of the body and was painted black. The running boards were made of aluminium reinforced with long grooves. They were black in colour; the top of the grooves was polished. Wings and frame cover were made of black enamelled sheet metal. All four wings were reinforced by bordures.
The headlamps (bowls: black paint; rims: nickelled) were connected by an adjustable nickel-plated cross bar. Apart from normal road light there is also the possibility to switch on a parking light.

Picture 2: Model T3-1 seen from top [L30].

Door storage pockets were fitted in the door and alongside the driver. The floor covering was brush carpet. The polished and engine turned aluminium dashboard was simple, with only an ammeter and a headlight/ignition switch.

The model T3-1 was based on the type C3 chassis with a wheelbase of 2.35m. The running board of aluminium is 170x980mm. The windshield from DUVIVIER [L139] could be inclined and fixed in any position. The pivot point is in the lower third of the frame.
The convertible top was openable around a single axis and covered with waterproof fabric. The hood hoops were steel.

 

Production time range from October 1923 until September 1924

According to the extrapolation from the data base of the register, this model had a limited production about 6000 pieces; the customers did not like the discomfort of the folding seat. This model has since been improperly called "Faux Trèfle" (false clover leaf) by collectors.

Picture 3: Model T3-1 with unfolded spare seat [L85].

In the beginning the car was equipped with high pressure tyres (700 x 80) from MICHELIN. From June 1924 on all cars were equipped with balloon tyres "Comfort" (715 x 115) and the convenient rims [L386]. For logistical reasons black was used as standard colour for the rims.

The "Faux Trèfle" was factory delivered in blue canon, red excelsior (maroon) and brown (havane) [L45]. Rims, wings, lamps etc. are black.

Colour Surface Referred parts
 
Black enamel wings, frame cover, rims, windscreen frame, windscreen-holders, license plate cover, cover rail, luggage rack.
     
Red, blue or brown (havane) bodywork, bonnet.
     
Red, black and brown leatherette seats, seatrests, side panels, pockets.
 
Nickel plated Radiator grille, headlamp rims, lamps connecting rod, steering column, fuel tank cover, trim behind bonnet, bonnet locks.

Remark:
The asymmetric rims developed by MICHELIN (Bibendum, 12x45) were never originally fitted. They became available in 1927 and in subsequent years, they have replaced the beaded rims of the vehicles still in use [L308]. MICHELIN's beaded edge tyres were offered in the MICHELIN catalogue until 1945 [L429, L430].

Bibliography

L30 La 5HP Citroën trois places
Editor: André Citroën, Quai de Javel, Paris.
Reference of document: AC 123
L45 LES VOITURES CITROEN, Saison 1924
Prix des différents Modèles, TARIF No 1

(En vigueur à partir du 1er Octobre 1923)
Editor: André Citroën, Quai de Javel, Paris.
Reference of document: AC 122
L85 Voitures Citroën (Collection de carte postales)
Editor: André Citroën, Quai de Javel, Paris.
Reference of document: AC 145-AC162
L139 Pare Brise "DUVIVIER"
Nomenclature des articles se montant sur carrosseries Citroën
Editor: Pare Brise "DUVIVIER", Bté S.D.G.D., Saint-Maur
L308 La grande nouveauté de MICHELIN: Le "CONFORT BIBENDUM"
Editor: R.C. Clermont-Ferrand No 2.213
L386 Le dernier né Michelin: le "Cablé-Confort"
Editor: MICHELIN & Cie, Clermont-Ferrand.
L429 Pneu MICHELIN - Bases de décompte de nos factures agents
Editor: Manufacture de caoutchouc MICHELIN, Puiseux, Boulanger & Cie
Reference of document: 3.546
L430 Pneu MICHELIN - Bases de décompte de nos factures agents
Editor: Manufacture de caoutchouc MICHELIN, Puiseux, Boulanger & Cie
Reference of document: 3.559